Habari

Muhtasari wa ombi lililowasilishwa UN juu ya eneo la bahari kuu

UNITED REPUBLIC OF
TANZANIA

Posted on January 21, 2012 by zanzibaryetu

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Wazanzibari wa Diaspora wamefanikiwa kupata waraka huu ambao umewasilishwa kwa Umoja wa Mataifa (UN). Bonyeza hapa ili kupata picha kamili ya waraka huu ambao ni Executive Summary tu iliyowasilishwa. Bonyeza hapa Tafadhali

Partial Submission
on the

Continental Shelf beyond 200 Nautical Miles
to the
Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf
Pursuant to Part VI of and Annex II to the United Nations
Convention on the Law of the Sea, 1982

Ex e c ut i v e S umma r y

URT-DOC-001_18-01-2012

UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA

Partial Submission
on the
Continental Shelf beyond 200 Nautical Miles
to the
Commission on the limits of the Continental Shelf
Pursuant to Part VI of and Annex II to the United
Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea 1982

Ex e c ut i v e S umma r y

URT-DOC-001_18-01-2012

Preface

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

This Submission by the United Republic of Tanzania (“Tanzania” or “URT”) was
prepared under the Tanzania Continental Shelf Delineation (TCSD) project.

The preparation of the Submission was undertaken under the guidance of National
Steering and Technical Committees chaired by Permanent Secretary of the Ministry
of Lands, Housing and Human Settlements Development (MLHHSD) and Director
of Surveys and Mapping of Ministry of Lands, Housing and Energy (MLHE) of
Zanzibar, respectively. The technical part of the project was carried out by a
Technical Core Group (TCG).

The following Ministries and Institutions were involved in the preparation of the
Submission:

– Ministry of Lands, Housing and Human Settlements Development
– Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation
– Ministry of Energy and Minerals
– Ministry of Communication, Science and Technology
– Ministry of Lands, Housing and Energy (Zanzibar)
– Attorney General’s Chambers
– Tanzania Petroleum Development Corporation
– Institute of Marine Science – University of Dar es Salaam
– Ardhi University-Dar es Salaam
URT-DOC-001_18-01-2012

The above Ministries and Institutions provided experts who formed the Technical
Core Group, which had the main responsibility of preparing the Submission. The
following are the members of the TCG.

Professor Evelyne I. Mbede – Geologist,
Director of Science and Technology,
Ministry of Communication, Science and Technology
Chairperson TCG

Mr. Pandu S. Makame – Lawyer,
State Attorney,
Zanzibar – Vice President’s Office
Co – Chairperson TCG
Mr. Justo N. Lyamuya – Hydrographer,
Assistant Director – Hydrographic Surveys,
Ministry of Lands, Housing and Human Settlements Development
Secretary TCG

Mr. Abdon D. Makishe – Geophysicist,
Senior Principal Geophysicist,
Tanzania Petroleum Development Corporation,
Deputy Secretary TCG

Mr. John A. Msemwa – Geodesist,
Assistant Director – Topographic and Geodetic Surveys,
Ministry of Lands, Housing and Human Settlements Development,
Member TCG

Mr. Kelvin R. Komba – Geophysicist,
Senior Principal Geophysicist,
Tanzania Petroleum Development Corporation,
Member TCG

Mr. Omary S. Mtunguja – Geophysicist,
Senior Principal Geophysicist,
Tanzania Petroleum Development Corporation,
Member TCG

Professor Desiderius C. P. Masalu – Marine Geophysicist,
Institute of Marine Science – University of Dar es Salaam,
Member TCG
URT-DOC-001_18-01-2012

Mr. Adam I. Zuberi – Geologist,
Senior Principal Geologist,
Ministry of Energy and Minerals,
Member TCG

Mr. Issa A. Hemed – Hydrographer,
Lecturer,
Ardhi University – Dar es Salaam,
Member TCG

Mr. Donald L. Chidowu – Lawyer,
Principal State Attorney,
Attorney General’s Chambers,
Member TCG

Mr. Richard A. Maridadi – Lawyer,

Legal Officer,
Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation,
Member TCG

In preparing this Submission, Tanzania consulted with the Republics of Kenya and
Seychelles on maritime boundary delimitation issues. The project received scientific
data such as bathymetric, geological, geophysical and well data from the Tanzania
Petroleum Development Corporation (TPDC), MHHLSD, MLHE, WesternGeco of
UK and One Stop Data Shop (OSDS) of UNEP/GRID-Arendal. Technical support
was received from UNEP/GRID-Arendal and Geocap AS of Norway, GX
Technology of Houston Texas, USA and Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und
Rohstoffe (BGR) of Germany. The project received financing from the Government of
Tanzania and financial support from the Royal Norwegian Government.

Professor Lawrence Awosika current member of the Commission on the Limits of
the Continental Shelf (CLCS) provided technical advice. Mr. Oeivind Loenne from
GRID-Arendal of Norway also provided technical advice as consultant. Mr. Harald
Sund and Mr. Erlend Kvinnesland from Geocap AS of Norway provided all the
necessary support on the usage of the Geocap software.
URT-DOC-001_18-01-2012

Table of Contents
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Preface…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. iii
ANNEXES ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… vii
FIGURES AND MAPS ……………………………………………………………………………………………. vii
1. Introduction …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….1
2. Maps and Coordinates………………………………………………………………………………………………4
3. Provisions of Article 76 Invoked ……………………………………………………………………………….5
4. Advisory Assistance…………………………………………………………………………………………………7
5. Maritime Delimitations and absence of disputes ………………………………………………………….7
6. Outer Limit of the Extended Continental Shelf of Tanzania ………………………………………….8
Annex 1 ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………10
Annex 2 ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………11

URT-DOC-001_18-01-2012

ANNEXES

Annex 1: Table listing the points defining the outer limit of the extended continental
shelf of the United Republic of Tanzania (Decimal degrees),
URT-ANN-001_18-01-2012

Annex 2: Table listing the points defining the outer limit of the extended continental
shelf of the United Republic of Tanzania (Degrees, Minutes and Seconds),
URT-ANN-002_18-01-2012

FIGURES AND MAPS

Figure 1: Map of the United Republic of Tanzania.

Figure 2: Map showing the outer limit of the extended continental shelf of Tanzania.

Map 1: Outer limit of the extended continental shelf of the United Republic of
Tanzania. URT- MAP-001_18-01-2012

1
A1 size Executive Summary map supplied separately
URT-DOC-001_18-01-2012
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1. Introduction
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

1.1 This Executive Summary forms part of the Submission by the United Republic
of Tanzania (Tanzania) to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental
Shelf (the Commission) made pursuant to paragraph 8 of Article 76 of the
1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (the Convention).

1.2 Tanzania is an independent, sovereign, coastal State located in the Eastern
Africa region. It is bound between latitudes 1° 00’ and 11° 45’ south of the
Equator and longitudes 29° 15’ and 41° 00’ east of the Greenwich meridian.
Tanzania is bordered by the Republics of Kenya and Uganda to the north,
Rwanda and Burundi to the northwest, Democratic Republic of Congo to the
west, Republic of Zambia to the southwest, Republic of Malawi and the
Republic of Mozambique to the south. Tanzania also shares the waters of the
Indian Ocean with the Republics of the Seychelles and Comoros to the east
and southeast, respectively.

1.3 Tanzania has an estimated population of 44,485,000
and covers a total area of
948,740 square kilometers with land covering approximately 889,460 square
kilometers. The coastline of Tanzania extends approximately 1,400 km in a
north-south direction from the Tanzania-Kenya border to the TanzaniaMozambique
border
to
the
south.

2
National Bureau of Statistics 2010 projections based on 2002 Census.
2
URT-DOC-001_18-01-2012

Figure 1: Map of the United Republic of Tanzania.
URT-DOC-001_18-01-2012

1.4 Tanzania is a Contracting Party to the Convention, having signed it on 10

December 1982 and later ratified it on 30
September 1985 (see
www.un.org/Depts/los/reference_files/status2010.pdf). The Tanzania
maritime zones of territorial waters and the economic zone have been defined
in the Territorial Sea and Exclusive Economic Zone Act, Cap 238 R.E. 2002 as
amended by Act No.17 of 2009 (www.un.org/Depts/los/legislationandtreaties/
pdffiles/TZA_1989_Act.pdf). Tanzania also submitted a Preliminary
Information Document (PID) indicative of the outer limit of the continental
shelf pursuant to the decision of the Eighteenth Meeting of States Parties to
the Convention (SPLOS/183) on 7
May 2009.

th
th
1.5 As provided for under paragraph 1 of Article 76, Tanzania has a continental
shelf comprising the seabed and subsoil of the submarine areas that extend
beyond its territorial sea throughout the natural prolongation of its land
territory to the outer edge of the continental margin, up to the limits provided
for in paragraphs 4 to 6 of Article 76 or, to a distance of 200 nautical miles (M)
from the baselines, from which the breadth of the territorial sea of Tanzania is
measured (territorial sea baselines) where the outer edge of the continental
margin does not extend beyond that distance.

1.6 Paragraphs 4 to 6 of Article 76 set out a number of provisions by which a
coastal State may establish the outer edge of its continental margin, and its
legal continental shelf, wherever that margin extends beyond 200M from its
territorial sea baselines.

1.7 As provided for in paragraph 7 of Article 76, the coastal State is to delineate
the outer limits of those portions of its continental shelf that extend beyond
200M from its territorial sea baselines by straight lines not exceeding 60M in
length, connecting fixed points (“Article 76 fixed points”) defined by
coordinates of latitude and longitude.
URT-DOC-001_18-01-2012
th

1.8 The present Submission is made by Tanzania in support of the establishment
of the outer limit of the continental shelf where it extends beyond 200M from
the territorial sea baselines.

1.9 Tanzania has for the purposes of preparing this Submission, applied the
relevant provisions of Article 76 of the Convention, and in accordance with
the Rules of Procedure of the Commission on the Limits of the Continental
Shelf (CLCS/40/Rev.1), adopted by the Commission on 17 April 2008 (Rules
of Procedure), and the Scientific and Technical Guidelines of the Commission
on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (CLCS/11) adopted by the Commission
on 13 May 1999 (the Guidelines).

1.10 The present Submission consists of three separate parts, as specified in Annex

III to the Rules of Procedure and in paragraphs 9.1.3 to 9.1.6 of the Guidelines.
The Submission is therefore organized and presented as follows:
(a) Executive Summary;
(b) Main Body (containing analytical and descriptive part); and
(c) Supporting scientific and technical data.
2. Maps and Coordinates
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

2.1 Figure 2 depicts the outer limit of the extended continental shelf of Tanzania
by reference to the fixed points required in paragraph 7 of Article 76 (“Article
76 fixed points”).

2.2 A list of the coordinates of “Article 76 fixed points” that define the outer limit
of the extended continental shelf of Tanzania are supplied in two annexes to
this Executive Summary. Annex 1 (URT-ANN-001_18-01-2012) lists the fixed
points defining the outer limit of the extended continental shelf in decimal
degrees. Annex 2 (URT-ANN-002_18-01-2012), lists the fixed points defining
URT-DOC-001_18-01-2012

the outer limit of the extended continental shelf in degrees, minutes and
seconds.
3. Provisions of Article 76 Invoked
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

3.1 Paragraphs 4 to 6 of Article 76 set out specific formulae and constraints by
which a coastal State such as Tanzania may establish the outer edge of its
continental margin, and its legal continental shelf, wherever that margin
extends beyond 200M from the territorial sea baselines.

3.2 As set out in paragraph 7 of Article 76, the coastal State is to delineate the
outer limits of those portions of its continental shelf that extend beyond 200M
from the territorial sea baselines by straight lines not exceeding 60M in length,
connecting fixed points defined by coordinates of latitude and longitude.

3.3 Tanzania applied the provisions of paragraph 4(a)(ii) of article 76 of the
Convention, to pass the test of appurtenance using formula FOS+60M.

3.4 Tanzania invokes paragraphs 1, 2, 3, 4(a)(ii), 5 and 7 of Article 76 of the
Convention in support of the determination of the outer limits of the extended
continental shelf (ECS) included in the Submission, as outlined in Section 2 of
this Executive Summary.
URT-DOC-001_18-01-2012

Figure 2: Map showing the outer limit of the extended continental shelf of Tanzania.

URT-DOC-001_18-01-2012

4. Advisory Assistance
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

4.1 Tanzania was assisted by Professor Lawrence Awosika a member of the
Commission, in preparation of this Submission.

4.2 Other advisers and organizations that provided legal or technical assistance to
Tanzania during the preparation of the Submission are mentioned in the
Preface to this Executive Summary.

5. Maritime Delimitations and absence of disputes
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

5.1 Tanzania has overlapping maritime claims with the adjacent coastal States of
the Republic of Kenya to the north and with the Republic of Seychelles to the
east.

5.2 An agreement is in place between Tanzania and Kenya concerning the
delimitation of maritime boundaries between the two countries through an
Exchange of Notes between the United Republic of Tanzania and the Republic of
Kenya concerning the Delimitation of the Territorial Waters Boundary between the
Two States, which was established by an exchange of notes on 17
December
1975 and 9
July 1976 respectively. The (‘Exchange of Notes’) is viewable online

at www.un.org/Depts/los/legislationandtreaties/pdffiles/treaties/TZAKEN1976TW.pdf.

Through the Exchange of Notes, the two countries have
agreed to a single line delimiting the Territorial Sea and Exclusive Economic
Zone (EEZ) boundary between the two countries.
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In addition, the two countries have an agreement signed on 23
June 2009, to
extend the maritime boundary from the 1976 agreement to the outermost
limits of continental shelf, and such other outermost limits of national
jurisdiction as may be determined by international law.

URT-DOC-001_18-01-2012
rd
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5.3 An agreement is in place between Tanzania and Seychelles, signed on 23

January 2002, regarding the Delimitation of the Maritime Boundary of the
EEZ and Continental Shelf limits between the two countries on areas where
the two zones overlap (viewable on-line at www.un.org/Depts/
los/legislationandtreaties/pdffiles/TZA-SYC2002MB.pdf).

5.4 Tanzania and Seychelles have signed a Memorandum of Understanding
(MoU) dated 2
May 2011 spelling out a no prejudice to each Submission in
areas where there could be potential overlaps.
nd

5.5 Tanzania hence declares that there are no disputes in the region relevant to

this Submission on the outer limits of the continental shelf beyond 200M
which are determined without prejudice to the delimitation of continental
shelf boundaries between neighboring States in accordance to paragraph 10 of
Article 76.
6. Outer Limit of the Extended Continental Shelf of Tanzania
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

6.1 The outer limit of the extended continental shelf of Tanzania encloses an area
of approximately 61,000km² extending beyond 200M from the Territorial Sea
baseline of Tanzania (Figure 2).

6.2 Tanzania has determined the outer limit of the extended continental shelf by
constructing an outer limit line composed of 26 fixed points as presented in
Tables in Annex 1 and Annex 2.

6.3 Each successive pair of fixed points defining the outer limit of the extended

continental shelf of Tanzania is connected by straight lines not exceeding 60M
in length, drawn in accordance with paragraph 7 of Article 76 of the
Convention.
URT-DOC-001_18-01-2012
rd

6.4 All coordinates of fixed points defined according to the provisions of Article
76 of the Convention are expressed in this document in the WGS84 geodetic
reference system.
URT-DOC-001_18-01-2012

Annex 1
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
URT-ANN-001_18-01-2012: Table Listing the Fixed Points Delimiting the Outer
Limit (URT_OL) of the Extended Continental Shelf of the United Republic of
Tanzania (Decimal Degrees).

Point ID
Latitude
(Decimal Deg)
Longitude
(Decimal Deg)
Distance
(To Previous
Point) (M) Article 76 Criterion
T-EEZ -4.683414 43.218000 – TZ_200M_TZ_KE_BND

URT_OL_01 -4.683414 45.720478 150.238 TZ_KE_BND_TZ_350M
URT_OL_02 -4.696146 45.721256 0.762 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_03 -4.712880 45.721935 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_04 -4.729615 45.722569 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_05 -4.746353 45.723152 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_06 -4.763092 45.723690 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_07 -4.779832 45.724182 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_08 -4.796574 45.724621 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_09 -4.813318 45.725018 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_10 -4.830061 45.725365 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_11 -4.846807 45.725662 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_12 -4.863553 45.725914 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_13 -4.880299 45.726120 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_14 -4.897046 45.726276 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_15 -4.913794 45.726387 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_16 -4.930542 45.726448 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_17 -4.947289 45.726463 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_18 -4.964037 45.726429 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_19 -4.980784 45.726349 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_20 -4.997531 45.726223 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_21 -5.014278 45.726048 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_22 -5.031024 45.725826 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_23 -5.047770 45.725555 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_24 -5.064514 45.725235 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_25 -5.081258 45.724869 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_26 -6.073760 45.729572 59.264 TZ_350M_SEY_200M
a -7.744224 43.270519 – TZ_200M_SEY_200M

3
4
Tanzania-Kenya Agreed EEZ boundary point
Tanzania-Seychelles EEZ boundary point
URT-DOC-001_18-01-2012
4

3

Annex 2
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
URT-ANN-002_18-01-2012: Table Listing the Fixed Points Delimiting the Outer Limit
(URT_OL) of the Extended Continental Shelf of the United Republic of Tanzania
(Degrees Minutes and Seconds).

Point ID
Latitude (South) Longitude (East)
Distance
(To
Previous
Point) (M) Article 76 Criterion Deg Min Sec Deg Min Sec
T-EEZ 4 41 0.291 43 13 04.800 – TZ_200M_TZ_KE_BND

URT_OL_01 4 41 0.291 45 43 13.721 150.238 TZ_KE_BND_TZ_350M
URT_OL_02 4 41 46.126 45 43 16.522 0.762 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_03 4 42 46.368 45 43 18.966 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_04 4 43 46.614 45 43 21.248 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_05 4 44 46.871 45 43 23.347 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_06 4 45 47.131 45 43 25.284 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_07 4 46 47.395 45 43 27.055 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_08 4 47 47.666 45 43 28.636 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_09 4 48 47.945 45 43 30.065 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_10 4 49 48.220 45 43 31.314 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_11 4 50 48.505 45 43 32.383 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_12 4 51 48.791 45 43 33.290 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_13 4 52 49.076 45 43 34.032 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_14 4 53 49.366 45 43 34.594 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_15 4 54 49.658 45 43 34.993 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_16 4 55 49.951 45 43 35.213 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_17 4 56 50.240 45 43 35.267 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_18 4 57 50.533 45 43 35.144 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_19 4 58 50.822 45 43 34.856 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_20 4 59 51.112 45 43 34.403 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_21 5 0 51.401 45 43 33.773 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_22 5 1 51.686 45 43 32.974 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_23 5 2 51.972 45 43 31.998 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_24 5 3 52.250 45 43 30.846 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_25 5 4 52.529 45 43 29.528 1.000 TZ_Baseline + 350M
URT_OL_26 6 4 25.536 45 43 46.459 59.264
TZ_350M_SEY_200M
a
7 44 39.206 43 16 13.868 –
TZ_200M_SEY_200M

5
6
Tanzania-Kenya Agreed EEZ boundary point
Tanzania-Seychelles EEZ boundary point
URT-DOC-001_18-01-2

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